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The shield shows a blue azure field with a silver argent cross voided red gules with a gold or star on each arm of the red cross and a gold or lion in the centre known as the 'Lion in the South'. There is a golden fleece in the first and fourth quarters , and a wheat sheaf in the second and third quarters, both of these charges being gold or , with the golden fleece having a band or ribbon around it coloured silver argent.
The crest is a rising sun with each of the sun's rays tipped with a little reddish-orange flame, on a wreath or torse of blue azure and silver argent.
The supporters are a golden or lion on the dexter viewer's left and a golden or kangaroo on the sinister viewer's right. The supporters are usually depicted standing upon the motto ribbon as they hold the shield in an upright position. The motto contains the Latin inscription " Orta recens quam pura nites " which, in English, means "Newly risen, how brightly you shine".
The official blazon , or heraldic description, is contained in the royal warrant, and reads: Azure a cross argent voided gules charged in the centre chief point with a lion passant guardant, and on each member with a mullet of eight points or between in the first and fourth quarters a fleece or banded argent and in the second and third quarters a garb also or: And for a crest, on a wreath of the colours a rising sun each ray tagged with a flame of fire proper: And for the supporters, on the dexter side a lion rampant guardant: And on the sinister side a kangaroo both or, together with this motto, "Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites,".
The blue field and white cross are derived from the earliest Australian coats of arms which show the Southern Cross that is visible in the skies of the southern hemisphere. The designer of the Arms 'voided' the white cross by laying a red cross within it, representing the red cross of St George as used on the ensign of Britain's Royal Navy , and placing a golden, 8-pointed star on each arm of the cross. This symbolises the maritime origins of NSW, with seafarers relying upon the Southern Cross to navigate the seas, and the role of the navy in protecting the State.
The 'Lion in the South' is taken from the three golden lions on a red field on the arms of England , and symbolises both the sovereignty of NSW and the offspring of an old country. It represent the origins of the founders of the Colony of New South Wales as well as the independence of their succeeding generations. The Golden Fleece contains several layers of allusion : the wealth of NSW derived from its pastoral industries, especially wool; ideas of honour and chivalry in the Order of the Golden Fleece , the origins of New South Wales' merino flocks being in a gift from the King of Spain , commander of the Order, to William III ; and to the heroic search by Jason and the Argonauts in their quest for the golden fleece.
The wheatsheaf, or garb, also contains several layers of allusion: to the agricultural wealth of New South Wales, especially wheat growing; and to the convicts , many of whom, through their toil in producing food for the early colony, were rewarded with grants of land upon which they established the farms and rural landscapes of eastern New South Wales. The rising sun in the crest has been used in the heraldry of New South Wales since the s, essentially to symbolise hope in the future.
It also depicts the geographical position of New South Wales, which faces the sun rising every morning over the Pacific Ocean. The blue and white wreath or torse shows the two principal colours in the shield, which are often used as the sporting colours for New South Wales, although there is much variation in the shade of the blue in common use.
Of the two supporters, the lion symbolises the origins of many of the people of New South Wales in the early 20th century in the British Isles. The designer particularly stressed that this was not an English nor Scottish nor Irish nor Welsh lion, but British , to represent the coming together of many different people in a new land and forming a new people.
The kangaroo has been used as a supporter in popular New South Wales heraldic practice since , although this is its earliest official use. It symbolises the land and natural resources of the State,  and can also be understood today as representing the Aboriginal peoples who today are an integral part of New South Wales society.
The motto was first devised in for the International Exposition held in Sydney,  and was adopted as the State motto in to clearly replace an older motto on official seals that referred to the State's convict origins. He was appointed Government Printer in , and was responsible for New South Wales postage stamp designs until Anthropologist J.
McCarthy wrote in 'NSW Aboriginal Places Names', in , that Woolloomooloo could be derived from either Wallamullah , meaning place of plenty or Wallabahmullah , meaning a young black kangaroo. In , the traveller Col. Mundy wrote that the name came from Wala-mala , meaning an Aboriginal burial ground. It has also been suggested that the name means field of blood , due to the alleged Aboriginal tribal fights that took place in the area, or that it is from the pronunciation by Aboriginals of windmill , from the one that existed on Darlinghurst ridge until the s.
The first land grant was given to John Palmer in to allow him to run cattle for the fledgling colony. To the east lies a hill with windmills and a "New Prison", and land grants on the peninsula that is now the suburbs of Potts Point and Elizabeth Bay. In the s the farm land was subdivided into what is now Woolloomooloo, Darlinghurst and parts of Surry Hills. Originally the area saw affluent residents building grand houses, many with spectacular gardens, attracted by the bay and close proximity to the city and Government House.
The area slowly started to change after expensive houses were built in Elizabeth Bay and further east and a road was needed from Sydney. It was for this reason that William Street was built, dividing the land for the first time. The Woolloomooloo tram line opened in stages between and The line was an early closure, in , being replaced by a bus service from Pyrmont. In February , the Builders Labourers Federation placed a two-year long green ban on the suburb to stop the destruction of low-income housing and trees.
At the census , 3, people were living in Woolloomooloo. According to the census of Population, there were 4, people in Woolloomooloo. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3. The most common countries of birth were England 6. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 2. The most common responses for religion were No Religion Woolloomooloo is home to the Finger Wharf , known for its remarkable size.
It is metres 1, ft long and 63 m ft wide and stands on 3, piles. The Sydney Harbour Trust built the Finger Wharf, or Woolloomooloo Wharf, between and with the charter to bring order to Sydney Harbour 's foreshore facilities. The wharf became the largest wooden structure in the world. The area's commerce was dominated by shipping at the wharf and by the regular influx of sailors and officers from the Garden Island base of the Royal Australian Navy.
The wharf's influence diminished for Woolloomooloo during the s when other more modern wharves were preferred.
By the s the wharf lay derelict and empty and in , the state government decided to demolish the Wharf. In the mids the wharf was renovated into private residential apartments and a boutique hotel with guestrooms. It also has several restaurants and bars, including the popular Water Bar, frequented by many visiting celebrities.
At first, the hotel was launched as "W Sydney - Woolloomooloo" and was the W Hotels brands' first internationally launched property outside of the United States. Another prominent resident is controversial former Australian radio presenter John Laws. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Trams in Sydney. Further information: Public transport in Sydney. Main article: Finger Wharf. Australian Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June Requiem for Woolloomooloo. Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN House of Commons.
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